Human Trafficking and Exploitation (Criminal Justice and Support for Victims) Act (Northern Ireland) 2015 came into effect on 15th January 2015. The act simplifies the offences of Human Trafficking and Slavery and introduces the offence of Forced Marriage and the new offence of paying for sexual services.
What is Human Trafficking?
Human Trafficking is simply described as “The movement of a person from one place to another into conditions of exploitation. It is entirely possible to be a victim of trafficking even if you have consented to being moved.”
Human Trafficking includes the following exploitation(s):
- Slavery, servitude and forced or compulsory labour
- Sexual exploitation
- Removal of Organs
- Securing services etc. by force, threats or deception
- Securing services from children, vulnerable people.
Victims of Human Trafficking may be controlled in the following manner:
- Violence / fear of violence including physical or emotional abuse
- Fear of reprisal on family
- Financial abuse with wages being withheld or victim being “fined”
- Debt bonded (owe money to controller for transport/accommodation etc.)
- Fear and mistrust of authorities (deportation, arrest).